The determining factors for where the basement making process begins is if you are starting from the ground up or if you already have a house and want a basement under your existing house
If you are beginning from the ground up, builders and designers will choose a spot on your parcel of land to place your house where the land is sloping so that the front of the house is facing the street and the front of the basement will be under ground and the back of the basement is above ground. This is how most houses are built and with part of the basement underground, will save energy.
A contactor will begin by excavating the land – removing the earth – where the basement is to go. The area will be ‘shored up’ so the wall of dirt that is left will not fall down. Then a slab of concrete or cinder blocks is used for the basement walls – this decision is up to the homeowner. The same decision will need to be made for the foundation although most foundations are made of concrete and many of the walls are made of cinder blocks for the best stability.
A form will be built in order to frame out the basement and this will include an opening for a door where it is most appropriate. Some walkout basements contain sliding glass doors that open up onto a patio or deck which would be built by another contractor. A bricklayer will mortar the cinder blocks in place.
If a basement is already in place, then walls could be erected in different configurations to partition off separate rooms for extra bedrooms, an office or perhaps a home theatre room. This is done by a framer and using 2 x 4’s to frame out the walls and then adding drywall over the frame to build the walls.
If a door is required, a licensed structural engineer will determine where a door will best fit in the existing space and then an experienced, qualified contractor will need to do the work. Permits from the city will also need to be obtained before any renovations are made. Usually, the contractor will get the permits and post them on-site incase an inspector were to stop by.
Since the floor is concrete, some type of covering should be placed on it and that could be hardwood, tiles or carpeting. There are many beautiful, elegant tiles to choose from that will become the base for any room and look great no matter what else is placed in the room. Carpeting is typically thick to help keep the rooms warmer and welcoming. The walls could be painted, papered or stained.