Most houses in Canada and the US are built with basements; provided that the land on which they are built is of the appropriate grade and quality to support the structure. Basements are useful spaces for a variety of purposes including workshops and storage, and even, if finished, additional living space.
If you’re building your dream home from the ground up, it is your builder, designer or contractor that will determine if the land you have purchased is appropriate for the construction of a basement, and exactly where that basement will be dug. While this seems simple, the process can be complex as there are many factors to consider. Because a small part of your basement will actually appear above-ground, so this can affect the overall aesthetics and curb appeal of your house. Other factors that your building team will consider include the gradient (slope) of the land, and drainage; crucial aspects for ensuring that your basement is protected against flooding and other issues.
The Process of Digging a Basement
- Excavation. The contractor begins by excavating the land (removing the earth to create the hole, or space for the basement), and then shores up the walls of dirt with either concrete slabs or cinder blocks. This newly-created wall prevents the soil from eroding back into the hole.
- Framing. To give your basement its walls, your building team will create a frame, which will include whatever features you have decided on with your building team, engineer or architect. These features could include a sliding door, for example, in the case of a basement with a walk-out to a patio or deck.
- Partitioning. Using 2 x 4’s, your contractor will then separate the basement space into different rooms, following your blueprints or plans.
- Drywall. While some homeowners don’t bother with drywall because they only intend to use their basement for storage, having your contractor put up drywall gives you more options about how to use the space.
- Finishing work. If you plan to use your basement as extra living space – maybe as a playroom for your children or even an extra bedroom, your contractor will need to install features such as hardwood flooring or carpet, baseboards and other finishes that make the space warm and inviting.
Whether you’re looking to renovate your existing basement, or have a basement excavation completed on a new plot of land, be sure to hire a reputable licensed company like us here at Space Converters Ltd. to ensure all the correct paperwork is signed with your city, and you get the results you and your family deserve.